COOPERATIVE LEARNING: ITS ADVANTAGES AND BENEFITS

COOPERATIVE LEARNING: ITS ADVANTAGES AND BENEFITS

Cooperative learning is an educational strategy that involves students working together in groups to complete certain jobs communally towards academic objectives. There are 5 main important components in cooperative learning developed by Johnson and Johnson. They are the positive interdependence, social and small group social skills, individual accountability, group processing, and face to face interaction.

In positive interdependence, students should work together as a team and put maximum effort into their group. Positive interdependence can be accomplished by having mutual objectives, dividing substances, roles, division of labor, and making every one of their pupil’s grades determined by the total performance of the group. In person accountability of cooperative learning, every pupil is accountable for their learning and work, therefore, eliminating neglect. They learn collectively but perform jobs separately. They must show their mastery of their content being studied.

Johnson and Johnson also published the 5 important elements of cooperative learning like the, positive interdependence, face to face interaction, individual accountability, processing and social abilities. These were found to be useful key elements for accomplishment, effective team learning, and improved cognitive, cognitive and personal abilities. They also discovered that people through cooperative learning had improved problem solving, organizing, decision making, reasoning, planning and representing.

Anxiety within the classroom vanishes and students perform much better on tests as well. The classroom environment looks real life employment and social situations, therefore, the pupils get to know more about the real world beforehand. It gives courage and leadership abilities to female students and they practice building leadership abilities. Cooperative learning enriches skill building and exercise by practicing them both in and outside of class; its actions promote academic and social relationships.

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